A fascinating new documentary about the Ospedale degli Innocenti in Florence, an orphanage established in the 15th Century, will be premiered in Florence on May 17, 2019.

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Basilica della Santissima Annunziata (white facade) and the Ospedale degli Innocenti

Read an article about the orphans of the Renaissance, and this unique institution, on our blog.

Ospedale degli Innocenti.

Director Davide Batistella will be present at the premier of this latest documentary.

Trailer: The Innocents of Florence



From the Advancing Women Artist’s announcement:

“In this 90’ minute feature-length documentary film, Battistella explores the themes of art, motherhood, Florentine humanism and how a progressive-thinking Renaissance society created one of the first Children’s hospitals in the world. He tells this story through the restoration of a painting that was created as the banner for the Innocenti Institute in 1446.”

In addition to learning more about the fascinating story of the Innocenti, I also invite readers to review the incredible work that is being conducted by the AWA, based in Florence.

This dedicated group of passionate art experts, along with those who love the work of female Renaissance painters, is leading the way for the restoration of work by female artists of that period, while ensuring the correct attribution of their work. If you are interested in supporting the work of this important organization, here is a link with more information.


The work of restoration never ends


It was in 1950 that then director of NBC’s opera programming, Peter Herman Adler,  commissioned composer Gian-Carlo Menotti (1911 – 2007) to compose the first ever opera for the American television audience. This was no easy task and it is one of the many credits due to the exceptional talent of Menotti that he made the decision to compose an opera for the child, for the faiths, in all of us.

First Broadcast on NBC, Christmas Eve 1951, the opera has become not just a holiday favorite, but one of the most often performed operas in the world. It is, in the canon of opera, a very short piece of only fifty minutes in length.


Bosch, Adoration of the Magi

Menotti was inspired, it is said, by Bosch’s “The Adoration of the Magi” which is shown in New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Menotti wrote about his moment of deepest inspiration:

One November afternoon as I was walking rather gloomily through the rooms of the Metropolitan Museum, I chanced to stop in front of the Adoration of the Kings by Hieronymus Bosch, and as I was looking at it, suddenly I heard again, coming from the distant blue hills, the weird song of the Three Kings. I then realized they had come back to me and had brought me a gift.

I clearly recall holidays of the past when our family would gather to watch this always magical story unfold before us. The story is timeless; a widow with a troubled crippled child is visited by three wealthy night visitors as they make their way  following a certain star in the East. Everyone is forever changed by the time they share within the walls of a humble shelter.

The lessons this opera teaches are numerous; humility, generosity, love, community and faith are but a few. The story encompasses so many of the basic tenants of all faiths and, in those terms, is a gift for all.



A link to the entire digital conversion of that 1951 performance, including an introduction by the composer himself is provided below.

As we experience yet another holiday season, it is my hope that this gorgeous music, the story of forgiveness and miracles will further enrich your season, regardless of location, faithful belief or language.

Take the time to experience this incredible story. It’s only fifty minutes long – and it may change your life.


To view the full 1951 program, click on the photo below: 

1951 Amahl and the Night Visitors


For those more musically inclined, the link below provides the entire score of the opera.

Gian Carlo Menotti   

Amahl and the Night Visitors 

An Opera in One Act

Ramo d'Aria Main entrance

Ramo D’Aria Entrance

Many of our readers write with questions about places to stay on Sicily, places away from the crowds and cacophony of a large city, a place with true Sicilian ‘character’.

Recently, I had the opportunity to enjoy an overnight stay at a relatively new accommodation, located in Giarre, about thirty-five minutes north of Catania on the Ionian Coast of Sicily; Ramo D’Aria.

Opened for just over five years, the location offers exceptional privacy, a gorgeous pool, easy access to many major sites and activities and a fabulous restaurant; all with unforgettable views of “She”, Mt. Etna.

Ramo d'Aria Pool and Etna View

Ramo D’Aria Pool with view of Mt. Etna

The majority of the rooms are located on the first floor (second floor as most U.S. travelers would refer to it), and if you request a view of Etna, you will not be disappointed. Both the internal and external furnishings are of the very best quality and you will find the prices for the rooms in keeping with Sicily’s reputation as a less expensive island on which to travel.

The structure was renovated and expanded from the ruins of an old Masseria, an estate building dating to the 19th Century. There is, however, nothing typical or standard about the white walls, the gorgeous artwork, the large and comfortable bath areas. All of the public and private areas were created to ensure guest comfort and privacy.

Ramo d'Aria Office and Reception

Reception and Stairway to Upper Level

Bruno Petrolo (on site manager), Alessandro Maugeri (Owner) and Federica Eccel (Marketing Manager), offered exceptionally responsive support prior to my arrival. From arranging a massage at this property’s sister hotel and spa, Zash,  to making special transfer arrangements from the Catania airport and creating lunch for my late arrival, the service was provided professionally and flawlessly . The restaurant offered a unique cross section of Sicilian preparations such as lamb, fresh fish, vegetarian entrees as well as incredible deserts.

The pool area, surrounded by tropical, plants offers privacy and time to relax.

There are numerous options for your stay when you visit this part of Sicily. Without question, Ramo D’Aria should receive serious consideration!

When you go:

RAMO D’ARIA, Country Hotel

Viale delle Province 261, int. 38

95014 Altarello – Giarre (CT) Sicilia

tel + 39 095 939221 Mobile + 39 3346399145

GPS: 37.71234 – 15.18997

info@ramodaria.it _ www.ramodaria.it


View from Room 220 La Perla

As I write this article, I am sitting in a small hotel in the village of Vocogno di Craveggia (VB) in the Valle Vigezzo of northern Italy. Located a mere two hours by train from the intensive noise and traffic of Milano, you will find peace, quite, tranquility and rest in this lovely area of Italia. Frequented by Italian and Swiss travelers, this particular valley has been overlooked by all but knowledgeable international visitors for centuries.

The Vigezzo river valley meanders through the Lapontine Alps in Italy, bordering the Swiss Canton of Ticino on its northern perimiter.   It is known, among other things,  for its annual celebration of the chimney-sweepers, “spazzacamini” in Italian. Each September, the village fills with those who come to honor this special and much honored traditional work.

Spazzacamini Santa Maria Maggiore

A Time Honored Tradition – Chimney Sweeps – A Spazzacamino during the Annual Celebrations

The buildings here are mostly stone and stucco. Granite and slate roofs top barns and homes and the sense of this place is as much Switzerland as it is Italy.

Santa Maria Maggiore Val Vigezza

Town Square, Santa Maria Maggiore

The Hotel La Perla occupies a marvelous site above the village. Mattei, the owner, or his son Francesco, offer to pick you up (and return you at the conclusion of your visit) in Santa Maria Maggiore. The hotel is located some distance, uphill, from the station so this is a much appreciated service. Without a car, you should plan to walk; special requests for pick-up and drop off can be made with the owners.

The three-star hotel La Perla offers very simple, clean, uncluttered rooms. If you ask for a mountain/valley view you will not be disappointed. Some rooms on the second and third floors offer terraces and stunning vistas of the valley and villages below. Don’t expect fancy; expect clean, friendly and well-managed accommodation.

Sunday Morning sunrise Vocogno di Craveggia

The View from Room 220, Hotel La Perla

The restaurant in the hotel offers memorable meals. Dinner last evening was a Caprese salad, followed by some baked potato gnocchi prepared with a special regional cheese. The sliced local beef was beautifully prepared with some patate fritte to accompany the secondo. Francesco, the son of the owners, is the chef. His capabilities are more than evident in a flavorful and well-prepared “cena” (dinner). The restaurant also offers a good selection of local and regional wines. The views from the dining room are spectacular, as well.

Your days here can be filled with rented electric bicycles, hikes in the foothills of the alps, easy strolls through the valley villages. Not unlike the Cinque Terre on the Ligurian coast of Italy, the chain of small towns are linked by the “Centovalli Vigezzina“, known locally as the Centovalli train. You can purchase tickets to/from various villages and walk back or just enjoy time in each one, returning to Santa Maria Maggiore at the end of an easy day. (Click on the map for easier reading).

Image result for mappa centovalli and vigezzina

Be sure to plan a few days in this region of Italy. Hotels are not plentiful, so reservations are strongly recommended. Most accommodations are three-star with a few four-star available.

If your time in Italy is limited, you might enjoy the full day excursion  known as the Lago Maggiore Express. Our blog article provides details and information.


Trenitalia offers regular service from all over Italy to Milano Centrale and from there on to Domodossola, the last large city before entering Switzerland. Those coming from Brig, in Switzerland, will find trains available on either the Italiarail or Swiss Bundesbahn web sites.

From Domodossola, you can purchase tickets for the Centovalli train (though online purchases in advance are recommend, as this will guarantee you seats especially during the busiest months of August, September, Christmas Holiday, January and February).

Valle Vigezzo Tourist Information

Train Information, Valle Vigezzo

Hotel La Perla

28852 Vocogno di Craveggia (VB)

Via Belitrandi, 2/A

Tel: 0324 98 071

Fax: 0324 98 88 98







The possibilities seem endless in a city like Florence; from true Sicilian recipes that delight the palate and bring the sea to land to deep red Bistecca Fiorentina, Florence offers any lover of Italian food as many options as you can imagine.

We have traveled across Italy for over forty years. Some of our old favorites in the city have gone, and many new exceptional restaurants and trattorias have opened.

Get off the beaten path and enjoy some of these, our first ‘go-to’ places for a fairly priced, well served meal.


Ristorante Ara: e Sud

A new comer to Florence. Go!

Chef Carmello Pennachietti brought with him his great success (including Michelin stars) from Sicily to Florence. His preparations, especially the fresh sea food, invoke views of the Ionian coast, of verdant hillsides and of the unique Sicilian culture. His incredible recipes astound with their bursts of flavor, their savory after-bite and their luscious freshness.

Reservations strongly recommended.


The Dining Room, Ara e Sud

Via della Vigna Vecchia, 4, 50122 Firenze FI,




Closed Tuesday

Monday – Sunday: 12:00 Noon – 11:00PM

Tel: +39. 331.21.70.926



Trattoria Anita

Trattoria Anita

Located directly behind the Palazzo Vecchio (the city “hall” of Florence), and down a narrow medieval alleyway, this lovely and simple trattoria serves very good food, traditionally Tuscan, at an incredible price (good, that is!). If there are more than four together for dinner, I would call ahead for reservations.

Via del Parlascio, 2

50122 Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Monday-Saturday 12:00PM – 2:30PM, 7:00PM – 10:15PM

Sunday                      Closed


Il Latini

If there is any restaurant in Florence that personifies the insane cacophonous atmosphere of the true Italian trattoria, Il Latini is it. GO EARLY at opening to get in, otherwise you will have to wait, sometimes for more than an hour. You can call ahead for reservations. You often sit at long tables with other diners. The ceiling is covered in hanging prosciutto hams. This place is great fun and has great food. A Florentine tradition.

Via dei Palchetti, 6R

50123 Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Tuesday – Sunday  12:30PM – 2:30PM, 7:30PM – 10:30PM

Monday                    Closed

Il Latini Florence

Il Latini, Firenze


Trattoria San Gallo

Trattoria San Gallo

Trattoria San Gallo

Located just off the intersection of Via San Gallo and Via Guelfa, this small and unassuming trattoria offers good meals at reasonable prices. Don’t expect fancy or superb levels of service. This is a place where the locals dine, so you know it is consistent and fairly priced.


Via San Gallo, 4

50122 Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Monday – Friday    12:00PM – 3:00PM, 7:00PM – 11:30PM

Saturday                     7:00PM – 11:30PM (no Lunch)

Sunday                      12:00PM – 3:00PM, 7:00PM – 11:30PM


Trattoria Bibe

This is a wonderful place with exceptional food and service. If you wish to get out of the city and into a nearby suburb (Galluzzo) you can take a taxi for about € 20.00 each way and have a memorable meal with some of the best food in Tuscany.

Trattoria Bibe Garden Terrace

Trattoria Bibe, Garden Terrace


The family that owns the trattoria is in their fifth generation of ownership. Families from the Frescobaldi’s to the Antinori’s to the common folks of Florence love this place. In summer, reserve on the lovely garden terrace and in cooler days, the interior offers the kind of warmth only an Italian home can offer.

Via delle Bagnese, 1

50124 Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Mon-Friday              Dinner only 7:30PM –9:30PM

Saturday/Sunday   12:30PM – 2:30PPM, 7:30PM – 9:30PM

Wednesday              Closed


La Ménagére

A newcomer to the Florence dining scene, this is a trendy and fun place to enjoy very good food in a modern/quirky atmosphere. Love the design of this place and the food offers unique twists on Tuscan traditional recipes.


La Ménagére , Florence


You will find good service, fair prices and a welcoming comfortable atmosphere. If you are interested, they often have jazz in the evenings in the lower cantina. You can check at the restaurant welcome desk about time and performers.


Via de’Ginori, 8

Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Monday – Sunday              12:00PM – 11:00PM


Ristorante Cafaggi


The entire family works together at Cafaggi!

This fourth generation family run restaurant attracts local Florentines, as well as the knowledgeable visitor. You may see the occasional large group here, but the main dining room is reserved for tables of from two to six diners.

I recommend calling for a reservation for dinner. Famous for Beefsteak Florentine…and it is GOOD!

Via Guelfa, 35/R

50129 Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Monday – Saturday    12:30PM – 3:00PM, 7:00PM – 10:00PM

Sunday                           Closed


Osteria Santo Spirito


Interior of Osteria Santo Spirito

Located directly on the Piazza that fronts the church of Santo Spirito in the Oltrarno, the south side of the Arno River, this place is relaxing, fun, flavorful and memorable. You should make reservations for dinner.


Depending on weather, you can sit outside on the raised wooden platform. Clear “plastic” walls help keep the weather out. I recommend upstairs inside for a quieter table and, if you are fortunate, a view of the Piazza.

Piazza Santo Spirito, 16/R

50125 Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Monday – Sunday              12:00PM – 11:30PM




A word of explanation: Cibreo and the Teatro del Sale, across from each other in the Sant’Ambrogio neighborhood of Florence, are owned by the same family – the Picchi’s. The chef’s wife at Cibreo opened the Teatro del Sale as a dinner/performance venue several years ago. These two restaurants are listed separately so that you can consider options about style of meal, type of atmosphere, etc. Either way, you will not be disappointed with either place.

Cibreo Florence

Cibreo, Main Dining Room


Much has been written about the amazing food prepared here by Chef and owner Fabio Picchi. A Florentine attraction in and of himself, the restaurant is rated one of the very best in Italy. Yes, it is pricey, yet you will never regret your meal if you dine here. Call for reservations.

Via Andrea del Verrocchio, 8/R

50128 Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Tuesday –Sunday   12:50PM – 2:30PM, 7:00PM – 11:15PM

Monday                    Closed


Teatro del Sale

Florentine Chef Fabio Picchi is one of Florence’s living treasures who steals the Sant’Ambrogio show with this eccentric, good value members-only club located inside an old theater. (Everyone welcome, annual membership € 7.00 per person at entrance.) He cooks up weekend brunch, lunch and dinner, culminating at 9:30PM in a live performance of drama, music or comedy arranged by his wife, artistic director and comic actress Maria Cassi. Dinners are hectic: grab a chair, serve yourself water, wine and antipasti and wait for the chef to yell out what’s about to be served. You line up at the open kitchen’s counter for your first and second course. Dessert and coffee are laid out buffet-style just prior to the performance. FUN!

Teatro del Sale Firenze

Dinner hour at Teatro del Sale

Via de` Macci, 118

50122 Firenze, Italy

Phone: +


Tuesday – Friday                12:00PM – 2:30PM (Brunch)

7:30PM – 11:00PM

Saturday                               11:30AM – 3:00PM

7:30PM – 11:00PM

Sunday                                  11:30AM – 3:00PM (Brunch Only)

Monday                                Closed


Mercato Nuovo (San Lorenzo Food Market)


Food Market Florence

A typical summer crowd at the Mercato


The ground floor of this building is where the locals shop for the best of Tuscan and Italian goods; from meats to cheeses to vegetables and seasonings this is the place for best prices on fresh products.

In April 2014, the second floor became a kind of open Tuscan food ‘court’ where only the finest Tuscan items are prepared. There is a high degree of attention paid to the quality and preparation of dishes available. Open daily for a unique experience, offering leisure, authenticity, spontaneity and tradition.

Piazza del Mercato Centrale, 26

Firenze, Italy


Monday – Sunday              11:00AM – 11:00PM

Phone: +


Monday – Sunday                                      10:00AM – 12:01AM


Trattoria Za Za

Since 1977 this delightful little trattoria, steps from the Mercato Nuovo (see #10), has been serving excellent food with good service and fair prices. Inside is cozy, with warm colors and multi-faceted artwork.


A welcoming evening view at Osteria Santo Spirito

Depending on weather, you can sit outside on their covered wooden deck. Well worth the trip for a good meal.

If you plan on dinner, I recommend called for a reservation.


Piazza Santo Spirito, 16/R, 50125 Firenze FI, Italy
Monday – Friday: 12:00PM – 11:30PM Continuous
Saturday and Sunday: 6:30PM – 11:30PM
Tel: +39 055 238 2383

On April 27, 2018, the Basilica of San Miniato al Monte will initiate a year of events to celebrate the 1000 year anniversary of its founding. On April 27, 2018 the Archbishop of Florence, Betori, will celebrate with the opening of basilica’s Holy Door and then will celebrate Mass.

San Miniato Facade

Facade of San Miniato

The basilica was founded by Bishop Hildebrand in 1018 when he placed the remains of martyred Saint Minius on the altar of the church. Located atop a hill, above the south side of the Arno River above Florence, the terrace that fronts the Basilica offer unforgettable views across the city and valley of the Arno. The monastic community and Basilica are still in use to this day.

(See our blog post, Gregorian Chant at San Miniato)

The Holy Door, on the basilica’s facade, has an inscription on the threshold which reads, “Haec est Parta Coeli” or “This is the Gate of Heaven.”

Haec est porta

Threshold of the Holy Door, San Miniato

Highlights of the events to come:

May 11, 2018. 9:00PM, Artist Marco Nereo Rotelli’s installations on the facade of the Basilica.

June 21, 2018: Sunset Prayer concert with the debut of an original piece by composer Isa Cecil Scott.

June 23, 2018: June 23 (Festival of the Patron Saint of Florence, San Giovanni Battista). Street performances and “Medieval” fair.

September 13 and 14, 2018: International conference on the history of San Miniato

April 3 – 7, 2019: Litrugical chants will be sung, based on “Haec est porta coeli” and called “Canti per mille anni”, “Chants for a thousand years”.

San Miniato Cappella del Crocifisso

Capella di Crocifisso, San Miniato

Keep checking the San Miniato and Florence Tourism web site for further details and an ever expanding calendar of events to celebrate the Millennium of San Miniato.




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View of Marcialla’s village square and the Church of Santa Maria

The news came quietly. The art world was stunned to learn that a fresco in the church of Santa Maria in Marcialla, not far from Florence, had been attributed to none other than Michelangelo.

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Residents of Marcialla, a tiny village south of Florence, have for generations claimed that a fresco depicting the deposition of Christ in their local parish church of Santa Maria was done by Michelangelo. After dedicated study by numerous art experts and historians, the attribution is official;  Michelangelo, along with the probable assistance of two of the artists friends-Granacci and Bugiardini-created the fresco. It was the two associates intervention, as well as some more recent overpainting, that complicated and delayed the attribution.

One of the most important pieces of evidence to support the attribution is the discovery of initials behind the altar facade in the church’s side chapel. The initials, MBF, had been hidden for centuries. The letters stand for, it is believed, Michelangelo Buonarotti Fecit – or Michelangelo Buonarotti Fiorentino (Michelangelo Buonarotti did this or Michelangelo Buonarotti of Florence). Additional evidence that this is Michelangelo’s work is supported by the fact that the letters “M” and “B” were the same as those the artist painted above a crucifix in the church of Santo Spirito in Florence.

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Removing the altar stone behind which are the letters “MBF”

The local parish priest, Father Rosario Palumbo, went to Dottoressa Elsa Masi, a local resident and retired chemist, to share with her that he had overheard a parishioner talk about seeing the initials behind the chapel’s altar stone many years prior during a youthful prank.

Dottoressa Masi has lead efforts to achieve formal attribution of the fresco, regardless of final result. She reached out to the expert Renaissance art history community to have this important piece of news investigated.

There are further data points to confirm Michelangelo’s hand; in the winter of 1494, the artist sought refuge with the Augustinian monks who lived and worked in the Marcialla church and monastery. The Medici had been ousted from Florence, thanks to the ‘mad monk of Ferrara’, Domenico Savonarola. In order to avoid being caught up in the political and social turmoil surrounding anyone associated with the Medici, Michelangelo fled.

The fresco may have been created as a way of thanking the Augustinian monks for their hospitality and protection. The Order would later support Michelangelo’s anatomical studies in underground rooms beneath the Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence.

Image result for marcialla fresco michelangelo

The figure on the right in the fresco, a muscular bearded man, is conjectured to be Michelangelo’s imaginative interpretation of his own face in older age. When compared to the face of Nicodemus in the artist’s sculpture of the Pieta, now displayed in Florence’s Museum of the Works of the Duomo, as well as numerous etchings and paintings of the artist in his old age, there are certainly arguments to be made.

Etching of Michelangelo

The triangular form of the the main figures in the fresco are known to have been favored by the artist. Additionally, and not unknown in Michelangelo’s work, Joseph, the father of Christ, is not depicted in the fresco.

Michelangelo Fresco Marcialla

Professor Robert Weiss, in his 1942 book  The Renaissance Discovery of Classical Antiquity (1969), made the assertion that the fresco was Michelangelo’s. Then, the fresco slipped back in to its quiet corner of a small church in rural Tuscany-until now.

After years of tireless work, the art’s community has made it official: Michelangelo is the artist who created the fresco.

It is always a surprise and a stunning statement about hidden treasures of art, to learn of yet another masterpiece by a Renaissance genius on the side altar of a small church, in a small village, in the hills of Tuscany.


The village of Marcialla is located about forty minutes south/southwest of Florence. The fact that this lovely village is ‘off the map’ of the heavy tourist traffic makes it all the more enticing as a day excursion destination.

(We were given permission to video inside the Church of Santa Maria in Marcialla to present the fresco. As soon as that video is completed and approved, we will update this blog post with a link so that readers can view the work.)

Please call the church office before visiting. You will need to confirm that the church is open for visitors.

Piazza Antonio Brandi, 25, 50021 Marcialla FI, Italy
Tel: +
Related image

Our thanks to Villa San Filipo for this map

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